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Thread: Origin of Lord Panchamukha Hanuman

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    Smile Origin of Lord Panchamukha Hanuman

    Om Shirdi Sai Ram.
    Namaste.

    Lord Hanuman

    Lord Hanuman is worshipped all over India with various names like Anjaneya, Hanumanji, Maruti,Bajrang Bali, Mahavir ,Pavan Kumar. He was born to the Wind God and Anjana Devi. He is one of the seven chiranjeevis(immortal ones). The Sun God Surya is considered as his Guru.The Valmiki Ramayana has a seperate section called Sundara Kandam or Sundar kand, which describes in detail the leelas of Lord Hanuman is his search for Sita , across the sea.

    The Sundara Kandam comprises 2885 verses and the word Sundara means beautiful.The esoteric significance of the sundara kandam is important. The ocean represents the ocean of samsara. Lord Rama represents the paramatma and Sita devi represents the jivatma. Hanuman represents the Guru or Divine teacher.

    :: Origin of Sri Panchamukha Hanuman ::

    The origin of Sri Panchamukha Hanuman can be traced to a story in the Ramayana. During the war between Lord Ram and Ravana, Ravana took the help of Mahiravana who was the king of pathala.

    Lord Hanuman in order to protect Lord Ram and Lakshman formed a fortress with his tail. But Mahiravana took the form of Vibeeshana and took Lord Ram and Lakshman to pathala loka.

    Hanuman entered pathala loka in search of Rama and Lakshmana.He found out that to kill Mahiravana he had to extinguish 5 lamps at the same time. So he took the Panchamukha form with Hanuman, Hayagriva, Narasimha, Garuda and Varaha faces and extinguished the lamps. Mahiravana was killed immediately.

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    Wink Re: Origin of Lord Panchamukha Hanuman

    Hanuman entered patala loka in search of Rama and Lakshmana. He found out that to kill Mahiravana he had to extinguish 5 lamps at the same time. So he took the Panchamukha form, with the faces of Hanuman, Hayagriva, Narasimha, Garuda, and Varaha, and extinguished the lamps. Mahiravana was killed immediately.
    Namaste Arvind,

    Anjaneya Hanuman is the son of Anjana and Vayu, and his pancamukha form represents the pancavAyu or pancaprANa.



    varAha = apAna (or kUrma)
    garuDa = samAna (or kRkara)
    hanumat = prANa (or devadatta)
    nRsiMha = udAna (or nAga)
    hayagrIva = vyAna (or dhanaMjaya)




  3. #3

    Smile Re: Origin of Lord Panchamukha Hanuman

    Quote Originally Posted by sarabhanga View Post
    Namaste Arvind,

    Anjaneya Hanuman is the son of Anjana and Vayu, and his pancamukha form represents the pancavAyu or pancaprANa.


    varAha = apAna (or kUrma)
    garuDa = samAna (or kRkara)
    hanumat = prANa (or devadatta)
    nRsiMha = udAna (or nAga)
    hayagrIva = vyAna (or dhanaMjaya)



    Om Shirdi Sai Ram.
    Namaste Sarabhanga.

    Panchamukha Hanuman :
    Hanuman(East),
    Hayagriva(Top),
    Narasimha(North),
    Garuda(West),
    Varaha(South)


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    Post Re: Origin of Lord Panchamukha Hanuman

    Namaste Arvind,

    Thanks for posting this (rare) image of pancamukha hanuman, and for your suggestion of the cardinal directions, which is an important consideration in this far reaching story. The appointed directions, however, require some clarification.

    It is clear that hanuman is the vital breath, the prANa, the Atman, the Self ~ and this unified wind is all-pervading and all-conquering ~ and it is the praNava ~ oM.

    The pancamUrti prANa or pancamukha praNava is expressed as follows:

    hanuman (prANa or devadatta) ~ the eastern wind,
    nRsiMha (udAna or nAga) ~ the southern wind,
    garuDa (samAna or kRkara) ~ the western wind,
    varAha (apAna or kUrma) ~ the northern wind,
    hayagrIva (vyAna or dhanaMjaya) ~ the upper (or north-eastern) wind.

    The eastern wind (hanuman) is the same shining devadatta shANkha of arjuna,
    the southern wind (nRsiMha) is sahadeva's maNipuSpaka shANkha,
    the western wind (garuDa) is yudhiSThira's anantavijaya shANkha,
    the northern wind (varAha) is bhIma's pauNDra shANkha , and
    the north-eastern wind (hayagrIva) is nakula's sughoSa shANkha.

    And, looking to the east (which is the perspective of arjuna), we observe the western face of the shiva liNga (aghora) ~ and the face of hanuman,
    to the south (the perspective of sahadeva) we see the northern face (tatpuruSa) ~ and the face of nRsiMha,
    to the south-west (the perspective of nakula) we see the north-eastern or upper face (IshAna) ~ and the face of hayagrIva,
    to the west (the perspective of yudhiSThira) we see the eastern face (sadyojAta) ~ and the face of garuDa,
    to the north (the perspective of bhIma) we see the southern face (vAmadeva) ~ and the face of varAha.

    The vital breath of hayagrIva (vyAna, directed upwards) resounds as the bIja naM ~ नँ
    The breath of nRsiMha (udAna, directed southwards) is the bIja maH ~ मः
    The breath of hanuman (prANa, directed eastwards) is the bIja shiM ~ शिँ
    The breath of varAha (apAna, directed northwards) is the bIja vAM ~ वाँ
    The breath of garuDa (samAna, directed westwards) is the bIja yaM ~ यँ

    And simultaneously expressed, this controlled vital breath (now undivided Atman and personified as the pancamukha hanuman) is the same pAncajanya shANkha of kRSNa ~ which is both pancAkshara mantra and praNava.

    नमः शिवाय

    See also: pAncajanya and pancAkshara.

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